Effect of network address translators on the performance of P2P systems

Bilyk I.I.

BitTorrent nowadays is one of the most popular peer-to-peer applications on the Internet, contributing to a significant portion of the total Internet traffic. On the other hand, NAT devices have become widespread in almost all networking scenarios. Despite of the effort of NAT traversal, it is still quite possible that applica tions, especially P2P ones, cannot receive incoming connection requests, if they are behind NAT. Though this effect has been widely observed in measurement work, so far there is no quantitative study examining the impact of NAT on P2P applications. This article describes analytical model to capture the performance of BitTorrent-like P2P systems in the presence of NAT peers.

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